¤¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨                                          ¤¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¤
¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨
¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¤
¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨
¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¤
¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤               «««««««««««                ¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤
¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤¤              §§           §§             ¤¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¤
¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¤¤               blue fire                ¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨¤             §§           §§              ¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨¨¨                «««««««««««               ¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨
¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¤                                          ¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¨
¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤  the ¨blue fire¨ is a carnivorous plant  ¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨
¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¤  living mostly at the western alvar (but ¤¨¨¨¨¨¨¤¤¤
¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨¨¨   it has spread to a few other places,   ¨¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤
¨¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤¤          mostly rocky coasts).           ¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨¨
¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¤¤                                          ¨¨¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¤     the plant is a dense network of      ¤¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¤
¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤  green-brown tentacle-like roots, which  ¤¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤
¤¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¤    is often called "rat's tail" before   ¨¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¤
¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨    blooming. in late june, it quickly    ¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨
¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¤      sprouts feelers, ten to thirty      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨   centimeters high, filled with purple   ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¨¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¨   hairs - this is the blue fire. this    ¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¨
¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨     stage lasts for one or two weeks,    ¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨
¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¤     depending on food access, water,     ¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¤
¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤                 climate.                 ¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨
¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨                                          ¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¨
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤  often it's not clear how far the plant  ¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨
¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤    has spread unless its in the fire     ¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¤¤¨
¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤  stage. suddenly, as if overnight, whole ¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨¨¨
¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¨  fields can be turned ablaze (with the   ¤¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¤
¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤¨¨ same individual plant, as well)! in the  ¤¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤
¨¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¤  blooming peak, it's not unusual for the ¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¨
¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨ whole alvar to be connected north-south. ¤¤¨¨¨¨¨¨¤¤
¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¨
¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                †§§«««««§§†               ¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤
¨¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤¨                                          ¨¤¤¨¨¨¨¨¨¨
¤¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¨¨  fifty weeks of the year, while in rat   ¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¤  stage, the blue fire feeds on the stone ¨¤¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¤
¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨¨¨   itself via a slow chemical attrition.  ¨¨¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤
¨¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤¤  this is enough to keep the roots alive, ¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¨
¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¤¤    but all growth and procreation must   ¨¨¤¤¨¨¨¨¨¨
¨¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¤   happen during the two weeks in june.   ¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤¨
¨¨¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤                                          ¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨
¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¨¨¨     now the plant feeds on birds; the    ¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¤
¤¤¨¨¤¤¤¤¤¤  semistiff upright feelers looks like an ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨
¨¨¨¨¨¤¤¤¤¤   extension of the sea, and birds are    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨¨
¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤¤¤ tricked into landing or diving into it.  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¨¨¤¤
¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤¤¤     they are quickly paralyzed by the    ¨¤¤¤¤¨¨¨¨¤
¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤      poison on the purple hairs, and     ¨¨¤¤¨¨¤¤¨¨
¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨     devoured over a period of hours.     ¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨¨
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤   procreation can happen sexually via    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤  spores (cryptogamia) or asexually when  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤      the roots are cut, dividing an      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤           individual into two.           ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤                                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤